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2018年01月02日 15:13:02 访问量:210 作者:袁宏

2018-01-02 仁爱教育 卜小兵 仁爱英语精选文摘




1. ugly  adj. 丑陋的;邪恶的;令人厌恶的


an ugly face 一张难看的脸   

an ugly duckling 丑小鸭


2. umbrella  n.伞;保护伞


put up/take down an umbrella 把伞张开/合起


3. uncle  n. 叔叔;伯父;伯伯;舅父;姨丈;姑父 (对) aunt 


4. under  prep. 在…下面;在…下方 (反)over 


Our boat went under the bridge. 我们的船在桥下通过。


5. underground  n. 地下通道;地铁


take the underground train ( US subway ) 乘地铁


Its usually quite convenient to take the underground train to most places in Paris.  



6. understand (understood, understood)   v. 理解;懂得 (不用于进行时)


make one self understand  使别人理解自己的意思


7. unhappy  adj.不幸福的;不快乐的


Everyone is unhappy in our neighborhood. 


8. unit   n. 单位;单元


This lesson is divided into four units. 



9. university  n.大学;大学人员 


She hopes to go to university next year. 



Soon , the whole university knew about her win. 



10. unless  conj.除非;如果不


Unless we deal with our problems, we can easily become unhappy. 



11. until  prep./conj.  直到


Wait until the rain stops. 等到雨停了再说。


not...until... 直到............(此结构中,not 翻译成“才”)


12. up  adv. 在上方;起身;彻底地;全部地  prep. 沿着


get up 起床

stand up 站起来


Dont let yesterday use up too much of today.



up and down 上下地,往返地

He uses the lift to go up and town. 



up to… 直到

I didnt know the fact up to then. 



They walked up the road. 



13. upon  prep. 在…...上;根据;接近


There is not a chair to sit upon.



once upon a time  从前                                                       

14. upstairs  adv. 往楼上;在楼上(反)downstairs 


go upstairs 上楼


15. us  pron.我们 (we的宾格)


16. use  v./n. 使用;利用


May I use your bike? 



use up 用光,用完

Dont let yesterday use up too much of today. 



use sth to do sth  用某物做某事

We use keys to lock the door. 


make use of 使用,利用

You must make good use of the machine. 



put to use ......加以利用

Huiping loves to read, and she puts this love to good use by working in the after-school care center.



used to sth/doing sth  习惯(做)某事

You must get used to getting up early. 



used to do sth  过去常常做某事

I used to be afraid of the dark. 



useful  adj.可用的;有益的(反)useless 

a useful book 一本有用的书


17. usual  adj. 通常的;平常的


It is usual for me to sit up late at night. 


as usual 像平常一样 

You are late as usual. 



than usual 比平常…

He got up earlier than usual. 



usually  adv. 通常地;平常地

What do you usually do on Sundays ?  





1. vacation  n. 假期;节日


What did you do for summer vacation ? 



on vacation 在度假 

take/have a vacation  度假


2. value  n.价值;重要性  v.重视;估价


You do not know the value of health. 



3. various  adj.各种各样的

Their hobbies are many and various. 



4. VCD  n.(缩略词)video compact disc 视频高密光盘


5. vegetable  n.蔬菜

I grow vegetables in the garden. 



6. very  adv. 很;非常 


very much 非常(修饰动词)


7. victory  n. 战胜;胜利 


The school football team has had three victories this month against other schools.



8. video  n. 录像;录影 


make a music video制作音乐录象


9. village  n.乡村;村庄 


a village named Gum Tree  一个叫桉树的村庄


villager  n. 村民


10. violin  n. 小提琴


11. play the violin  拉小提琴


violinist  n. 小提琴家


12. visit  v.参观;拜访;访问


When you visit London, one of the first things you will see is Big Ben. 



We visited our friends in town. 



on a visit to  参观/访问

He was on a visit to the factory at that time. 那时他正在参观这家工厂。


visitor  n. 参观者;游客;访问者


There were many visitors today. 



13. voice  n. 嗓音;说话声


Its too hard to understand the voices. 



a high voice 高声 

a loud voice 大声 

say in a weak voice 低声地说

lose ones voice 嗓子哑了

at the top of one's voice 高声地;最大声地




1. wait  v.等候;等待


Im sorry to keep you waiting. 抱歉,让你久等了。


wait for 等候

Who are you waiting for ? 你在等谁呢?


wait for sb. to do sth 等某人做某事


2. wake  v. 醒,醒来,唤醒或弄醒某人


What time do you usually wake ( up ) in the morning ?



Try not to wake the baby (up) ?  别把孩子吵醒了。


3. walk  v./n. 走;行走;散步;步行距离


I walk to school. = I go to school on foot. 我步行到学校去。

It is a long walk to the town. 到城里要走很长的路程。

Let's go for a short walk. 咱们去散散步吧!

a 20-minute walk from here  从这里走20分钟的路程


4. wall  n.墙壁;围墙


We have painted all the walls white.我们把所有的墙壁都漆成了白色。

There was a wall around the park.  公园四周有围墙。


5. want  v.(常与to连用)想,想要,需要


Did You Want to Tell Me something? 你想告诉我什么吗?

They want good jobs. 她们想要好的工作。

The house wants painting. 房子需要油漆了。


6. war  n. 战争;冲突


They are at war with the country . 他们与那个国家在交战。

World War II = the Second World War 第二次世界大战


7. warm adj.温暖的;暖和的;热烈的;亲切的


It is getting warmer day by day. 天气一天比一天暖和起来了。

We received a warm welcome. 我们受到热烈的欢迎。


warm-hearted 热心的


warmly adv. 温暖地;热烈地


8. warn  v. 警告;提醒


He warned me not to go there. = He warned me against going there. 他警告我不要去那里。


I warned him that it was dangerous.  我警告他那是危险的。   


9. wash  v.洗;洗涤


10. waste  v.浪费;挥霍  n. 浪费;滥用;废料;废物


Hurry up, we are wasting time. 快点吧,我们别再浪费时间了。

Its a waste of time doing that. 做那事是浪费时间。


11. watch  v.注视;观看  n.手表


watch a game 观看一场比赛

watch out 戒备,提醒,小心


I watched him come/coming out of the bank. 我看着他从银行出来了/正从银行出来。


on watch 值班          


12. water  n.  v. 浇水


by water 乘船;由水路

water the flower 浇花


13. watermelon  n. 西瓜


a slice of watermelon 一块西瓜


14. way   n. 道;路;手段;方法;方式


This way, please. 请这边走。

Do it (in) this way. 照这样做。


There are many ways to do (of doing) it. 做这件事有许多方法。


all the way 一路上

He ran all the way to school. 他一路跑到学校。


by the way 顺便提起 

in a way 从某个角度  

in the (ones) way 防碍

on the (ones) way 在途中

the way to 去…...的路


15. we   pron. 我们;咱们


16. weak  adj. 弱的


be weak in 在某方面有欠缺

in a weak voice 用虚弱的声音


17. wealth  n.财富


a man of great wealth 大富翁


wealthy adj. 富有的


18. wear (wore, worn)  v.穿戴;蓄留


I always wear brown shoes. 我总是穿棕色的鞋。

He wears a beard. 他留胡子。


wear out  adj. 穿坏;精疲力竭

He has worn out his shoes. 他的鞋穿坏了。

He is worn out.  他精疲力竭。 


19. weather n.天气;气象


Whats the weather like today? 今天天气怎么样?


weather forecast 天气预报  

20. Wednesday  n.星期三


21. week  n. 星期;周


this week 本星期

weekday  n.工作日

What did you do on weekdays ? 你工作日做什么?

weekend  n.周末


22. weigh  v. ...…重量;测出重量


He weighed himself on the scale. 他在磅秤上量体重。

How much do you weigh ? 你体重多少?


weight  n.重力;重量

What is your weight ? 你体重多少?


23. welcome  adj.受欢迎的  v. 欢迎


You are welcome.不用谢

Welcome to China ! 欢迎到中国来!


24. well  adv. (better\ best)好;很好   adj.better\ best) 健康的


as well  

He takes a walk after supper as well. 他晚饭后也散步。


as well as 和……同样好

He speaks English as well as I.他英语讲得和我一样好。


You look well. 你气色很好。


25. west  n.西;西方 adj. 西方的


26. wet  adj. (wetter / wettest )湿的


27. whale  n.


28. what  pron.什么  ad. 什么;多么


whatfor ? 为何......

What did you go there for ? 你为何去那里?


what if ? 如果…...该怎么办?

What if I dont know anyone ? 如果我不认识任何人怎么办?


What color is it ? 它是什么颜色?


What a tall tree! 多么高的树啊!


29. whatever  conj./pron.不管什么


Whatever happens, I will go. = No matter what happens, I will go.不管发生什么,我都要去。


30. wheat  n.小麦


31. wheel  n. 轮子;机轮

A bicycle has two wheels. 自行车有两个车轮。


32. when  conj. ...…时  adv.什么时候

When I was a boy, I was weak. 当我小的时候,身体不好。

When will he arrive ? 他什么时候会到?


33. whenever  conj. 无论什么时候

You may come whenever you come 你无论什么时候来都可以。


34. where  adv. 在哪里;到哪里  conj. ...…的地方

Where do you live ? 你住哪里?

I like places where the weather is always warm. 我喜欢天气暖和的地方。


35. whether  conj. 是否

I asked him whether he would come. 我问他是否要来。


36. which  adj./pron. 哪一个;哪一些  conj. ...…的那个/那些


37. while  conj....…时;虽然;然而  n. 一会儿

While he was eating, I asked him to lend me $2.


You like tennis, while I'd rather read. 你爱打网球,但我爱看书。

after a while 过了一会儿


38. white  adj. 白色的;雪白的  n. 白色

She was dressed in white. 她穿白衣服。


39. who pron./pron. 谁;什么人

Who is that man? 那人是谁?

a man who wants to see you 那个要见你的人


40. whole  adj. 整个的;全部的 n. 整体;全部

They told me the whole story. 他们给我讲了整个的故事。

the whole of that area 整个那个地区 


41. whom  pron.谁(who 的宾格,在口语中常用 who 代替)

the man with whom she talked 跟她说话的那个人


42. whose  adj./pron. 谁的;那人的;那些人的

Whose is this? 这是谁的?

Whose bicycle is this? 这是谁的自行车?


43. why  adv. 为什么 conj. 为什么;...…的理由

Why did you do it? 你为什么这样做?

Do you know why he was late? 你知道他为什么迟到吗?


44. wide  adj. 宽的;广阔的;广泛的

wide interests 广泛的兴趣

wide knowledge 广博的知识


45. wife  n.妻子 (wives )


46. will  n. 意志;决心  aux. 将;愿意;必须


47. win  v.获胜,赢得

Who won the race? I won but David came second.



48. wind  n.

A cold wind blew from northwest. 冷风从西北方向吹来。


49. window  n. 窗;窗户

Please shut the window. 请关上窗户。


50. windy  adj.多风的;大风的

It is windy today.今天多风。


51. wine  n. 葡萄酒;果酒

Wine is made from grapes. 这果酒是由葡萄制成的。


52. wing  n. 翅;翼

The bird spread its wings. 那鸟展开它的翅膀。


53. winner n. 得胜者

Who was the winner ? 谁是胜利者?


54. winter  n. 冬天;冬季


55. wise  adj. 明智的;有智慧的


56. wish  v. 希望;(常与for连用)想要;n. 愿望

I wish you a very happy future. 祝你一生幸福。

I wish I were a cat. 我希望我是一只猫。

You have everything you could wish for. 你想要的已经全有了。


57. with  prep. 和,伴随着,用,带有,具有,在......身边


talk with a friend 与朋友谈话.

change with the temperature 随着温度而变化

cut meat with a knife 用刀割肉

tea with sugar 加糖的茶水

a country with a long history  历史悠久的国家

Take an umbrella with you. 随身带把伞去。

with smile 面带微笑地 

sleep with the window open 开着窗睡觉


58. without  prep.没有(带);不

go out without a coat 没穿大衣出去  


59. wolf  n.


60. woman  n. 成年女子;妇女

Womens Day 妇女节


61. wonder  n.惊奇;惊叹  (常与at, that连用)觉得奇怪;惊奇;纳闷;想知道

I wonder at his rudeness. 我对他的粗鲁感到奇怪。 

I wonder why James is always late for school. 我想知道为什么詹姆斯上学总是迟到。


62. wonderful adj.非凡的;精彩的


63. wood  n. 木;木头;树林(常用复数)

The chair is made of wood. 这个椅子是由木头做的。

He went for a walk in the woods. 他到树林里去散步。


64. wooden  adj.木制的;木头似的

The room is full of wooden furniture. 那个房间挤满了木制家具。


65. word  n.词;单词 ;话; 消息;承诺

Tell me in your own words. 用你自己的话告诉我。

'I can't hear a word!' I said angrily. '我一句也听不见了!'我愤怒地说。

No word has come from the battle front. 前线还没有消息传来。

The boy kept his word. 那孩子信守诺言。


66. work  v. 工作  n.工作;作品

They work from morning till night. 他们从早到晚工作。


work out  解答,计算出

Though we thought it over, we still couldnt work it out.



the works of Shakerspeare 莎士比亚的作品 


at work 在工作

At this time of daymy parents are both at work.



out of work 失业

Lots of people are out of work in the USA today.如今在美国有很多人失业。


worker  n.工人;工作者

a factory worker 工厂工人


67. world  n.世界;...…界


This car is used all over the world. 这种小汽车全世界都使用。

the scientific world 科学界


68. worry  v.担心;忧虎


Dont worry if you cant finish it. 你做不完也不必担心。

worry about 担心

Dont worry about that thing. 别为那事发愁。


worried  adj.  发愁的

be worried about ones job 为某人的工作担心


worth  adj.值…...钱; 值得(做某事)

Our house is worth about 60 000 pounds. 我们的房子约值60 000英镑。

The book is worth reading.= It is worth reading the book. 这本书值得一读。


69. would  aux. 将要(will的过去式);愿意


Would you (please) tell me the way ? 可否请教你告诉我怎么走?

He said that he would go. 他说他要过去。

would like  想要


70. wound  n. 伤;创伤  v. 伤;创伤

The wound was healing slowly. 伤口慢慢愈合了。

The guard was wounded in the leg. 护卫员腿部受了伤。


71. write (wrote, written) v.写;书写

He sometimes writes for newspapers. 他偶尔替报社写文章。

Ill write you a letter. = Ill write a letter to you. = Ill write to you. 我会写信给你的。

write down 记下;写下

write to… 写信给...

writing  n. 笔迹;书法

I can never read your writing. 我怎么也看不懂你的笔迹。


72. wrong  adj. 错误的

He took the wrong train. 他搭错了火车。

Something is wrong with my bike.  我的自行车坏了?

Whats wrong with you ?  你怎么了?




X-ray  n. X光;X射线




1. yard  n.


2. year  n.                 

last year 去年

this year 今年

next year 明年

the year after next  后年

the year before last  前年

year after year 逐年地;一年又一年地


all the year round 整年,全年

Its cold and dry here all the year round. 这里全年又寒冷又干燥。


for years 多年,好几年

We've been friends for years. 我们做了好几年朋友了。


in the last few years 在过去的几年里

My life has changed a lot in the last few years. 我的生活在过去几年里改变了很多。


a fifteen-year-old boy=a fifteen years old boy 一个十五岁的男孩 


3. yearly   adj.每年的  adv.每年


They did quite well in the yearly exam. 他们在每年的考试中都做得很好。


4. yellow  adj.黄的;蛋黄色的


5. yes  adv.是;是的    


6. yesterday  n. 昨天  adv. 昨天


the day before yesterday 前天

yesterday morning 昨天早晨


7. yet  conj. 但是;然而  adv. 还;已经


not yet 尚未, 还没有 


辨析:already, yet

already 用于肯定句,表示“已经”。

yet 用于否定句作“还”解,用于疑问句作“已经”解。

I have already finished the work. 我已经完成作业了。

--Has the school begun yet?  学校已经开学了么?

--No, it has not begun yet.   不,还没开学。


8. you   pron.  你;你们  


9. young   adj. 年轻的;幼小的   

Young Pioneer 少先队员


10. youth n. 年轻人;青春


11. your  pron.你的;你们的


12. yourself  pron. 你亲自  复数 yourselves  pron.你们亲自


Help yourself to some fish, please.请随意吃点鱼。

The children are enjoying themselves in the party. 孩子们在聚会里过得很开心。

The Chinese ourselves are proud of our nation.





1. zebra  n. 斑马


2. zero  num. n.零点,零度


3. zoo  n. 动物园                         

注意: 复数加 s’ 而不是 ‘es  

There are four zoos in this province. 这个省有四个动物园。



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