当前位置: 首页 > 英语组 > 介词和介词短语专题复习

介词和介词短语专题复习

2016年03月09日 09:52:58 访问量:283 作者:袁宏

介词和介词短语专题复习

一、表示时间的介词

1. in

1)用在世纪、年份、季节、月份、不特定的上、下午和晚上等词的前面。如:in the twentieth century 20世纪;in 2012 2012年;in winter 在冬天;in the morning/afternoon/evening 在上午/下午/晚上。

2)表示“在… …”之后,后面接一段时间,多用于将来时。

如:We are going to Shanghai ____ two days.

2. at

1)用在表示钟点、中午、夜晚和拂晓的词前面。如: at five o’clock 在五点;at noon 在中午; at night 在夜晚。

2)用在一些固定短语中。如:at the beginning of….. ……的开始;at the end of …….的结尾; at the same time 同时;at the age of ……岁时;at times 有时。

3On

(1) 表示在具体的某一天的上、下午。如:on the morning of August 8 在八月八号的上午;on a cold morning 在一个寒冷的早上。

2)表示在具体的某一天。如: on July 16,2010 2010716日。

3)用在星期、节日前。如: on Monday 在星期一;on Teachers’ Day 在教师节。

小结:at 强调“点”; in 强调“段”;on 强调“日”。

4By

表示“在……之前,到…….时”的结构为“by+时间点”,常与完成时连用。如:

How many English words had you learned by the end of last term?

5. for

 for+一段时间”常与含延续性动词的完成时连用。如:I have had the book for a long time.

6. since

 Since +时间点”,“Since +时间段+ ago”也常与完成时态连用。

 7During

During 意为 “在…..期间”,后面接名词、代词、动名词,用于某一特定的时间段,表示时间上的延续。

二、表示地点的介词

1At

(1) 用于小地点前面。如:在门口               ; 在公共汽车站                   ;

(2) 用于门牌号前面。 如:他住在南京路20号。                                

2. in

(1) 用于较大的地点前,如城市、国家、洲等。如:他住在北京。                         

(2) 表示“包含”。如:北京在中国的北部。                                         

(3) 表示“在排、行、组”。如:我们在一组。                             

3On

(1) 表示在的上面(有接触面)。如:这本书在桌子上。                                

(2) 表示“紧邻”。如: 加拿大位于美国的北部。                                      

(3)在左边                    在右边                       

(4) 用于路名前。如: 他住在南京路。                                   

4. to

(1) 表示“没接触,不包含”。如:日本位于中国的东面。                               

(2) 表示要到达的目的地。如:你将坐火车去天津吗?                                   

5. over

表示垂直悬空的上下关系,“在正上方”。如:那条河上方有桥吗?                              

6. under

Under over 的反义词,“在正下方”。如:他们正在树下站着呢。                       

7. above---below 表示“高于/低于…….

如:请不要在这条线下面写东西。                                             

8. across:从一边到另一边through:从空间的内部穿过去past:从旁边经过

She went                the street to do some shopping.

The sunlight was coming               in the window.

三.表示其他意义的介词

1. of, from

  Be made of 由制成,看的出原材料

  Be made from 由制成,看不出原材料

2. in

  in 后接材料、语言、颜色等。Can you speak           English?

                            Do you know the girl who is          blue coat?

3. with, by, on

 (1) with 表示“用(具体的)工具”,如: with a pen 用钢笔;

也可表示“带有,具有”如:长发女孩                     

2by 表示“用,靠,通过的方法”。He goes to school         bus.

 (3) 在电话上交谈                               

4. between, among

 Between表示“在两者之间”。 among表示“在三者以及三者以上的多者之间”。

 Don’t sit              your parents.

5. besides, except

besides 表示“除之外还有(包括在内)”。Except 表示“除之外还有(不包括在内)”。

We are all Chinese           Tom in our class.

四、练习

在家                  在学校                  立刻                

在晚上                 …..的尽头                  

…..的开始                  到达                

擅长                  …..有害处                  习惯于                  

对某人严格                  对某物严格                  

忙于某事                  迟到                 生某人的气                

…..感兴趣                 …..不同                  ……为骄傲                

依靠                  最后                  及时                

事实上                  寻找                  照顾                

嘲笑                  …..交朋友                  收到的信

关上                 等待        

 

 

 

中考真题

1Mary, put on your coat,           you’ll catch a cold.

A. and B. or C. so D. but   (2012滨州)

2. It is reported that a lot of adults take lessons online          further education.

A. after B. to C. with D. for 2013江苏盐城)

3. ---Maybe you should call him up.

  --- But I don’t want to talk with him        the phone.

A. on B. at C. in D. with   2013济宁)

4. If you read a lot, your life will be full        pleasure.

A. by B. of C. for D. with    2013莱芜)

5. ---When did the terrible earthquake happen in Ya’an Sichuan?

  --- It happened        8:02         the morning of April 20th, 2013.

A. on; in B. at; on C. at; in D. on; on   (2013潍坊)

强化训练

填空

1I read a book about science          Sunday morning.

2. They had problems walking          the forest.

3. There’s no secret           you and me.

4. We all went to the beach           Kate yesterday.

5. There will be a sports meeting            two weeks.

6. Alan bought a big house         a nice garden.

7. You can improve your English            reading more.

8. We all stood up         the same time.

9. Their desks are made           wood.

10. Taiwan is          the southeast of China.

11. There’s a big smile        her face.

12. We are looking forward         winning the match.

13. It’s very kind         you to help me.

14. I borrowed some money           my friend.

完形填空

I have had thousands of classes since I started school nine years ago. But only one ___1___ was the most important. It happened last term just after I had got a ____2____ result in an exam. I was sad and had lost my confidence. I decided to go to a class which can tell me how to be ___3___.The speaker walked into the room. But he did not start talking ____4__ a teacher. Instead, he held up a twenty yuan note(钞票)!

  “Who wants this?” he asked. Unsurprisingly, _____5____ of us in the class held up our hands. The speaker smiled. Then he put up the note on the blackboard and asked the same question. Again, we all put up our hands. The speaker smiled again, but ___6__nothing suddenly, he threw the note onto the floor! Then he asked the same __7___ a third time.

  I didn’t ___8___ what the speaker was doing. Why was he asking the same question again and again? I didn’t know what to do. I wanted the note, __9___ I put my hand up again. After a while, he __10__ the note and started to laugh. “you have all just told me how to become successful,” ___11___ said to us with the note in his hand.

  “The note is worth twenty yuan. It is ___12____ worth twenty yuan, even though I throw it on the floor. You are like the note. No matter ___13____ happens to you, you still have your worth.”

  When I heard those words, I was deeply moved. Suddenly, I __14___ I was worth a lot. I may have done badly in an exam, but it doesn’t ____15___ I can’t do well in the future. If I believe in myself, I will be successful!

  1. A. classroom B. subject C. class D. school

  2. A. same B. good C. lucky D. bad

  3. A. comfortable B. successful C. famous d. rich

  4. A. like B. for C. about D. by

5. A. both B. neither C. all D. none

  6. A. said B. bought C. saw D. wanted

  7. A. student B. teacher C. question D. way

  8. A. remember B. understand C. notice D. find

  9. A. so B. though C. if D. or

  10. A. took out B. threw away C. picked up D. put down

  11. A. you B. he C. she D. they

  12. A. never B. sometimes C. hardly D. always

  13. A. when B. who C. what D. how

  14. A. realized B. forgot C. dreamed D. decided

  15. A. know B. mean C. think D. complain

 

编辑:袁宏
评论区
发表评论

评论仅供会员表达个人看法,并不表明网校同意其观点或证实其描述
教育部 中国现代教育网 不良信息 垃圾信息 网警110
万博优惠活动版权所有
中华人民共和国电信经营许可证 京ICP备13002626号-8
联系地址:湖北省利川市解放西路210号
京公网安备11010502032087
现代教育网 提供技术支持 违法和不良信息举报中心
Copyright 2006-2020 www.trieuphugroup.com , All Rights Reserved
定襄县智村学校 神池县东关小学校 绵阳市安州区高级职业中学 湛江市教育局 神池县第一中学 中国正能量 忻州教育资源网五寨频道 太康县城关镇建南小学 六盘水市第二十三中学 青海省都兰县第二完全小学 绵阳市安州区桑枣镇小学 六盘水市第十四中学 泰兴市常周小学 随县尚市镇中心学校 四川省江油市太白中学 农垦牡丹江管理局高级中学 三都水族自治县第三中学 五寨县职工幼儿园 山西省运城牛杜中学 鹤壁市第四中学